A domain name is a human-readable address that is used to identify and locate resources on the Internet. It serves as a user-friendly label for a specific numeric IP (Internet Protocol) address, which is the actual numerical address that computers use to locate and communicate with each other over the Internet.
Domain names are used to access websites, send emails, and perform various online activities. They provide a convenient way for users to remember and access websites without having to remember the complex string of numbers that represent IP addresses.
A domain name is composed of two main parts: the top-level domain (TLD) and the second-level domain (SLD). For example, in the domain name "example.com," "com" is the top-level domain and "example" is the second-level domain. Together, they form the complete address that people can use to access a website or other online resources.
Domain names are registered through domain registrars, which are accredited organizations that manage the allocation and registration of domain names. When you register a domain name, you essentially acquire the right to use that specific name for a certain period of time, typically a year, and you need to renew your registration to maintain ownership of the domain name.